Syncthing-share

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This article shows how to set up a Syncthing share.


  • apt-get install samba syncthing


Samba setup

Because samba runs on Linux it's easier to manage samba user accounts when these users also exist as local users on the Linux system.

Furthermore, to apply permissions to all samba users in one go it is easier to create a linux group as well.


groupadd samba-users


  • mkdir /home/samba


  • mkdir /home/samba/share
  • chgrp samba-users /home/samba/share
  • chmod 775 /home/samba/share
  • mkdir /home/samba/syncthing
  • chgrp samba-users /home/samba/syncthing
  • chmod 775 /home/samba/syncthing


Add the user accounts you'll need for your samba server:

adduser --gecos joe
(+ enter new password)


Add the users to the samba-users group:

adduser joe samba-users


Create the samba users:

smbpasswd -a joe
(+ enter same password as in linux)


  • edit /etc/samba/smb.conf

at the end of the file, add these lines:

[share]
   comment = Samba Share
   path = /home/samba/share
   browseable = yes
   read only = no
   guest ok = no   
   valid users = @samba-users

You can now browse to \\<ip-address>\ with windows explorer where you will see the 'share' folder. Double-click on it and you will be presented with a login window, asking for credentials. Enter your user name and the password and you are now able to use the share for reading, writing and deleting files.


Syncthing Setup

  • create syncthing system account and home directory
useradd -r syncthing -m -d /home/syncthing


  • enable syncthing to run as a service (unit file in /lib/systemd/system/)
systemctl enable syncthing@syncthing.service
systemctl start syncthing@syncthing.service


Syncthing is now running and the web admin console can be reached from http://localhost:8384/. However if we want to remotely access this web console we need to configure a reverse proxy for it.

Setting up a reverse proxy with Nginx

  • install nginx
apt-get install nginx

write an nginx website configuration file for syncthing

vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/syncthing.conf
===
server {
  listen 80;
  server_name 10.0.0.23;

  root /var/www/html/syncthing/;
  access_log /var/log/nginx/syncthing.log;
  error_log /var/log/nginx/syncthing.error.log;

  location / {
    
    proxy_set_header Host localhost;    
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;

    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8384;

    proxy_read_timeout 600s;
    proxy_send_timeout 600s;

  }
}
===


Create the placeholder directory and restart nginx


mkdir /var/www/html/syncthing
systemctl reload nginx


Now browse from another computer to the syncthing system with the address: http://<remoteip>/ ..and you should see the Syncthing admin console website.

The site will probably alert you that no password has been set, so do this first.






  • change the config file so we can get web-access to the service